Reflection Essays help you to better understand the material and reflect upon the information it presents. They are included in this course work to get you thinking about how the issues and information presented in the course might apply to a real-world scenario. Responses should be direct and to the point while still answering the questions posed. You should make direct reference to the course materials to back up all of your responses.<
The purpose of the reflection essay is to help you gain a better understanding of the criminal justice system by focusing your attention on a single topic. It should be noted that the reflection essays are not for you to tell me what you liked or disliked about the book. Rather, you must understand the book’s arguments, highlight those arguments, plant your flag in relation to the book’s arguments, and support your stance. Supporting your stance will require the use of outside sources (e.g., scholarly articles, professional websites, etc.). Although you can have as many sources as you would like, you must have at least 5 scholarly articles that are related to your stance. These sources are your “evidence” for your stance, so make sure they are strong.
The format for the reflection essay is as follows:
– 12 – 15 pages (Text only. This page length does not include the cover page or reference page.)
– Double spaced, Times New Roman, 12-point font, 1-inch margins, & APA citations
– A cover page with…
Title: Reflection Essay
– A reference page with proper APA citing of at least 5 scholarly sources
This is the comic book the reflection paper is over. Miller, Frank (2002). Batman: The Dark Knight Returns. New York, NY: DC Comics. ISBN: 978-1-56389-342-1
Please read this before writing the paper. The most important thing is finding something to argue in the paper aand using the resources for evidence. I would like to incorporate some criminology theories found in the book if possible.
Topic: Research an incident of racial discrimination (or alleged racial discrimination) that involved the U.S. Criminal Justice System. Thoroughly document the case, its outcome or potential outcome and what effect the case may have on future cases.
The research papers will be graded on factual content, grammar and punctuation, proper citation and reference, written length, format and presentation as well as timeliness in submittal of assignment.
APA (American Psychological Association) 7th Edition format for research papers must be used.
Research Paper must be five (5) to Seven (7) pages in length (not including cover page, abstract and reference page).
A minimum of five (5) cited sources of which three (3) must be published material (i.e. scholarly journal, textbook, published professional article).
Students are encouraged to seek help from the writing lab and the library staff for help regarding the proper citation format.
As I indicated in this week’s lecture, the author doesn’t offer a solid criminological explanation for cybercrime. He cites Sociologist Ogburn’s “cultural lag” theory, which is primarily an important theory in the study of cultural change. But he doesn’t use any of the theories discussed earlier in this text.
Other criminologists have used those earlier theories. For example, Labelling Theory is relevant because most hackers do not label themselves as doing anything bad. In fact, even the late Steve Jobs, founder of Apple Computer, used to say that some hacking is needed so that computer engineers can stay sharp and inventive. If he was right, then hackers are doing good and not engaging in criminal behavior.
This final assignment of the class challenges you to apply a criminological theory to this Cybercrime. To ease the burden a bit, you need only to apply any one of the three different criminological theories outlined below. Your goal is to explain use the concepts from one of those theories to explain why cybercriminals do what they do. And in order to make the assignment easier, you need to use one of those theories to address one or more of the questions written below the theory outlines.
Here are the three theories from which you need to pick. In order to refresh (and stimulate) your thinking, I’ve provided some hints about possible jumping off points.
“Differential Association Theory”
Fraternities of cyber criminals; computer science departments; Silicon Valley; Internet
Degrees of interaction: frequency, duration, intensity, etc., friends, chat groups, Social Media
“Rational Choice Theory”
Calculations….weighing positives and negatives…do cybercriminals think or just do?
Benefits, rewards…..solving puzzles, control, “virtual” emotional satisfaction, money
Penalties, dangers…. Costs, equipment, arrest, virtual warfare, stigma if caught.p
“Routine Activities Theory.”
Offenders (hackers, perverts, worms and viruses);
Suitable targets (individuals, government, businesses, the “Cloud”)
Capable Guardians (security software, web anonymity, parents, police)
Here are the concrete questions, two or more of which you should answer with theoretical concepts in the theories outlined above.
As in all crime, there is motive…to steal, to sabotage, to hurt,…ultimately to gain some advantage. Your assignment will be graded less on your indication of motive and mostly on how you apply the elements of your chosen theory. Two-four substantial paragraphs ought to provide sufficient opportunity for that. This final assignment is not intended as a term paper or a thesis statement.
Questions of possible interest:
a) Why do some college students try to steal passwords of fellow students?
b) Why do cyber thieves steal bank account numbers and passwords?
c) How do cyber criminals get so successful hacking into private databases or creating software worms that return confidential information
d) Why do individuals use social media to slander, bully, denigrate, or even threaten other people?
e) Why do people pirate software, ring tones, musical tunes?
Remember: 2-4 paragraphs using concepts from one of the theories outlined above.
Identify one theory that best describes crime in the Southside of Chicago, Illinois. What is the basis of the theory? What is the history of the issue? Community, law enforcement, gang related, financial, etc.? What makes it applicable to the issues in Chicago?
a critical analysis of a class topic chosen by the student. Key elements for the evaluation of this five (5) page paper will include your ability to reflect or display university level writing skills – analytical skills, a good grasp of the subject matter, logical presentation, systematic flow of material (information), originality, ability to think deeply, outside the box (or without the box), and problem solving skills in the conclusion. This paper shall have a title page (5+1 pages), have at least 3 credible research sources.
HI, have attached ‘Instructions Criminology Assessments’: Part A (Literature Review) 1000 words Part B (Policy Report) 2000 words Both assessments require 8 references each (16 total). Both require contents pages. Thank you for your help. Kind regards Troy
Each student will prepare a research paper on a topic related to the role of public administration in society of his or her choice. The research paper should be at least 10 pages, double spaced (the total does not include Cover Page or Reference Page(s)) in length and include at least six current scholarly references. References are listed at the end of the paper and should follow the APA Style Manual. TIPS: Run the spell and grammar checker before submitting the assignment. Apply page numbering to the research paper.
Using proper APA format in at least 800 words, briefly discuss the evolution of fire investigations and its impact on arson cases. As well as, briefly provide an overview of the reliability of computer fire models at trial. Each essay response is to be a minimum of 800 words excluding the reference listing. Direct quotes are not to be used. consistent with the college-level writing and supported by a minimum of 2 peer-reviewed, up-to-date, scholarly sources. The essays must be written in APA format and include in-text citations to credit your sources.
Now that you have accumulated the articles for your literature review, you are ready to make the next step in creating an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is a list of articles, books or other academic sources that includes a brief summary of the articles that have been listed. Your job is to list your articles, book or other citations and to provide this summary for each. The summary should be a decent paragraph in length (perhaps 150 words). In addition to each summary, I would like to list your dependent variables again and to explain how they were measured. For instance, if your dependent variable is mental health, how is mental health measured? Do they authors use depression? Do they use another measure like subjective well-being? Describe briefly how they arrived at a measure of their dependent variable. I would also like you to provide at least one independent variable for each article as well, and describe how it is measured. Independent variables are the thing that determines or effects the outcome or dependent variable. For instance, perhaps you’re interested in how the length of stay in prison determines mental health. In this case, the length of stay is your independent variable. Just a reminder that some of you are reviewing theoretical articles where variables are not so clear cut. Just do the best you can. In summary, for each article, you need a brief summary of the article, the dependent variable for each article and how it’s measured, and ONE independent variable for each article and how it’s measured. Another video is located in the Zoom Videos tab to help your with understanding measurement of variables. Points Eight Summaries (22 points) Eight Dep. Variables (3 points) Eight Ind. Variables (3 points) Spelling/grammar/professionalism (2 points) Total (30 points)