The Turkey Point nuclear power station was built in 1972 by Florida Power & Ligh

The Turkey Point nuclear power station was built in 1972 by Florida Power & Light Corporation on the shore of Biscayne Bay about 25 miles south of Downtown Miami. It is the largest electrical power generating station in Florida and the sixth largest in the United States. FPL has applied to the State of Florida’s Public Service Commission and to the Federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission to build two additional reactors on this site.
After reading your textbook’s section on how electricity is generated by nuclear fission (Chap. 12), read the following articles for backgrounding prior to participating in this Forum.
Eye on Miami: Time to Replace the Failed Cooling Canal System at Turkey Point Nuclear Plant with Conventional Cooling Towers Now
FPL Wins Fight to Store Radioactive Waste Under Miami’s Drinking Water
FPL’s page: Turkey Point 6 & 7 – the proposed, new reactors for the site
FPL’s page: Turkey Point Facts
FPL Postpones Nuclear Plant Expansion For Now.
Turkey Point Nuclear Plant On Way To Expansion. But Will It Survive A Changing Industry
A. As someone who lives and votes in South Florida, you will create a list of six (6) questions in rank order of importance to you about FPL’s nuclear power operations.  Each question needs to be insightful and specific, not oversimplified and generalized.
For each question, briefly (at least two complete sentences) explain why it is important that you get an answer to this question – now!
Use the following format to earn up to 6 points (1 point/question + reason)
Question 1:
Reason 1:

As the Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) professional for a manufacturing co

As the Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) professional for a manufacturing company, you have been asked to conduct a risk assessment of potential issues within your facility. Specifically, you have been asked to identify whether these issues present a hazard by conducting a risk assessment using the quantitative risk assessment form, which you can access by clicking  here(SeeAttached). Once the risk assessments have been identified, your assignment is to provide control measures based on the hierarchy of controls identified in the Unit IV and Unit V Lessons. Each of the scenarios below have been identified as potential issues.Review each of the potential hazards identified in the scenarios, and provide a technical report of your findings and recommendations. The project should be a technical report with a minimum of three pages detailing your findings and recommendations. The project should be written in full APA format and include the elements listed below.
Perform a quantitative risk assessment before and after the recommended controls. (You may include these as appendices in the technical report, but the findings should be discussed in the body of the report.)
Include a priority ranking of controls based on the risk assessment findings.
Explain the control measures for each of the identified hazards, and explain why you chose those specific control measures. 
Scenario 1: Proposed Catwalk (Fall Hazards)There is an elevated area within the plant that requires two maintenance personnel to access it at least once every 2 weeks to perform preventive maintenance by lubricating gears and pulleys. They are currently using a 20-foot extension ladder to reach the locations that require maintenance. This requires that the ladder be moved six times per event, along with the employee climbing up and down the ladder. The maintenance supervisor for the plant has provided a drawing of a catwalk that he would like to install and has asked you to review them for compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and to identify any potential problems with the design.
Scenario 2: Hunter Molding Machine (Machine Guarding)
While operating a Hunter molding machine, it is necessary for a single operator to reach inside the machine to adjust the pattern or blow it off to ensure that it is free of particles or other debris that will create deformed parts. This function is conducted once every 75 minutes, 8.5 hours per day. The molding pattern is placed on the holder by the machine, which then automatically rotates the pattern 180 degrees before the molding sand is compressed on the pattern, and then this process is repeated to ensure a two-sided mold is created. When the molds are compressed and then separated, the operator must reach inside the machine to clean the pattern by blowing compressed air onto the mold. The foundry supervisor is concerned that there is a potential for the operator to be caught in the rotating pattern holder, causing an amputation. He has asked for your help to provide a control measure to prevent any possible injuries to the operators. Note: A physical barrier between the operator and the pattern holder is not possible or feasible due to production activities. Please see the photographs below as a reference.
Scenario 3: Quality Control Testing Facility (Airborne Chemicals)
The quality control manager has implemented a new testing procedure to ensure high quality products are being produced by the company. As a part of the testing operation, the quality control technician applies a chemical mixture with a paintbrush onto specific points of the parts, which have previously been identified as weak points by customer complaints. This operation takes place over an open sink, similar to a parts washing tank. The quality control manager has requested your assessment based on the following data, along with any recommendations for any controls that need to be implemented. This operation takes place throughout the day and involves three employees (quality technicians) per 8-hour shift. An outside consultant has sampled the employee exposure over an 8-hour period with the results shown below
.(SEE PHOTO4 attached)
Scenario 4: Mobile Crane Operations (Materials Handling)
While observing a lift of materials onto a flatbed trailer through the use of a mobile hydraulic crane, which had the tires fully inflated and on level and firm ground, the materials manager stopped the operation because it did not look correct to her. She has now requested your assessment and your recommendations on controls to reduce any potential incidents or injuries. Based on your observations, you find the information shown below.
Weight of the load: 28,000 pounds
Boom length: 60 feet
Boom radius: 20 feet

Prevention through design (PtD) is a proactive approach to risk management often

Prevention through design (PtD) is a proactive approach to risk management often used within the safety and health field.  Given the fact that we are in a global health pandemic and our approach to preventing the spread of the virus has been less than stellar, please share your thoughts on ways you feel PtD could have been used when our public health officials first became aware of the potential threat (last year) to minimize the spread of the Corona virus in the United States.
One way I think PtD could have been used is in a national response to the pandemic, rather than forcing each state to come up with solutions.  This would have included the US government using its purchasing power to acquire PPE and ventilators and create a national repository, instead of forcing the states to scramble to get the necessary supplies.  Nationwide guidance on closures and travel restrictions might have helped reduce the confusion.  Once we learned more about the virus, directing money to schools and hospitals to improve their ventilation systems might have helped reduce the spread.
Focusing on prevention, maintaining a pandemic response task force to coordinate the response to a future pandemic as well as a national PPE repository could make a future pandemic less severe.  The “just-in-time” inventory system may increase efficiency, but it doesn’t work when a lot of a certain item is needed in a short time period.

1) What do we mean by interdependency (1)? What does interdependence mean for wh

1) What do we mean by interdependency (1)? What does interdependence mean for who is impacted by environmental issues (1)? 
2) What were the main drivers of the modern environmental movement in the United States – provide examples (1). Since, what have been the dominant modes of protection (1)? 
3) Describe four key geographic concepts and provide an example for each (2). 
4) Why are we abandoning the term ‘natural disaster’ (2)?
5)  (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to short term temperature and precipitation, while (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to decades long temperature and precipitation (2)
6) Describe the relationship between Earth’s Energy Budget and greenhouse gases in terms of climate change (2). 
7)   Describe the concepts of mitigation and adaptation- how do they differ (2)?
8)   What is sustainability? Describe the three pillars and provide a critique of this traditional definition (2). 
9)   What is meant by the famous EW Zimmerman quote – ‘Resources are not, they become…” (1993) (2)? 
10) What are the two principle components of climate (1)? Describe the four main drivers of these components (1). 
11) Compare and contrast two main approaches to understanding the relationship between population and the environment (1). How have each of these either supported or negated the popular ‘Tragedy of the Commons’ Theory (1)? 
12) (FILL IN THE BLANK) is to single path while (FILL IN THE BLANK) have multiple paths and futures (2)
13) Why is the relationship between city planning and climate change a spatial problem (2)? 
14) Describe how we define vulnerability (1). How does vulnerability relate to the idea of ‘double exposure’ (1)? 
15) Describe the differences between organic and fair trade food systems (1)? What could an alternative to the alternatives be (1)? 
For part two of the midterm, you will write a maximum 2 page response to the following question: How does a complex approach help ensure a more equitable, just, and hopeful global environmental transformation? Provide specific socio-economic and biophysical examples (10)

Assessment questions Consider the looping plume form due to windy conditions, an

Assessment questions
Consider the looping plume form due to windy conditions, and recall that the Gaussian model presumes a normal curve distribution. What problems do you perceive that a Gaussian model might pose when attempting to exclusively use this model in variable wind areas? How do you think the shape of the looping plume could affect the statistical model assumptions inherent in the Gaussian model?
Oil field companies are often known for keeping a well-serviced fleet of trucks for their staff employees, including often replacing these trucks for aesthetic purposes in order to maintain a strong marketing position within their competitive marketplace of client oil and gas producers. One of the most notable deteriorations of oil field service vehicles with relatively little age and mileage is the exterior paint coating of the vehicle. What air pollutants might be responsible for the deterioration of the vehicle paint color, luster, and integrity? Carefully explain your answer from a chemical perspective.
Consider Godish, Davis, and Fu’s (2014, p. 250) Figure 7.5; the fact that the reported industry practice is to accept sample data within 10% of the true value for statistical sampling methods and within 25% of the true value for passive sampling methods.
What problems do you perceive that this practice could pose when attempting to generalize air quality study outcomes? If you were the environmental engineer for a company tasked with monitoring emissions, reflect on how you would explain to management the benefits of stricter tolerances in your company’s monitoring.

You will research a current environmental issue and analyze it for the challenge

You will research a current environmental issue and analyze it for the challenges that exist in finding a solution.
Research a current environmental issue using online websites.
Find a website that you feel provides enough information for you to summarize both the environmental issue and comment on at least two challenges, from the ones you learned about in this module, in implementing a solution to this issue in your discussion post.
Include the website link in your discussion post.

1.  Do you think the Earth is a living organism? Why or why not? 2.  Why are peo

1.  Do you think the Earth is a living organism? Why or why not?
2.  Why are people in Haiti so vulnerable to major natural hazards?
3.  Why did you take this environmental geology course?
4.  Would an exponential negative growth of human population be a solution to many environmental problems?
5.  Are there any conflicts between global environmental unity principle and regional economic development?
6.  a.  Look around your house or apartment and make a list of five different materials that relate to geology. For example, do you have a granite countertop? Slate floor or pool table? Salt in your kitchen? Drywall (made from gypsum)? Metal Objects? Plastic items (made from petroleum)?
b.  Indicate those items that can be recycled
c.  If you currently do not recycle, describe what would cause you to start recycling.
1.  Assume the Pangaea never broke up, how might today’s environments be different?
2.  What are the major differences in plate tectonic settings between the U.S. eastern and western coasts?
3.  Will the tectonic cycle ever stop? Why or why not?
4.  Why is most seismic and volcanic energy released along the Pacific rim?
5.  Does plate tectonics play a role in shaping your local environment?
6.   Extremophile bacteria can live and thrive under extreme conditions. Why are they important to the search for extraterrestrial life?
7.  Does plate tectonics play a role in shaping your local environment?
8.  Extremophile bacteria can live and thrive under extre
1.  Discuss different ways that rocks and minerals are used to benefit or to harm the environment
2.  What rock property and rock structure factors should you consider for a major engineering site selection?
3.  Suppose you are the superintendent of schools, what steps would you take to determine if there was an asbestos hazard, and how would you communicate with parents?
4.  What factors contributed to the failure of the St. Francis Dam?
5.  A town is located in the foothills of a mountain range. The rock types in the city limits and just beyond include basalt, shale, and limestone. As the town grows and expands, what advice could you give planners as to potential geologic problems related to the rocks to be aware of as new buildings and roads are sited? What additional geologic information would be necessary?
6.  The rock cycle indicates how rocks can be transformed from one type to another. In other words, older rocks are recycled into new rocks. How can an older sedimentary rock be transformed into a new sedimentary rock without first becoming a metamorphic rock?
1. An ecosystem consists of both living community and its nonliving environment. Is one of two components more important?
2.  Based upon the linkage between ecology and geology, what is the importance of interdisciplinary collaborations in ecological restoration?
3.  What are the critical ecological challenges in your area?
4.  Are there any positive impacts of land transformation on your local ecosystems?
5.  How do seawalls reduce biodiversity?
6.  What did you learn from the case history of wolves in Yellowstone National Park
1.  List all the natural hazardous processes in the area where you live. What is done? What is more to be done?
2.  Construct a U.S. vulnerability map of natural hazards by state. (Hint: create a legend with different colors representing different hazards, and then color in the state with the most common hazard it experiences. You’ll probably have to do some internet research to find the data for this one.)
3.  What is the difference between forecasting and warning?
4.  Can humans eventually control the impact risks of natural hazards? Explain your rationale.
5.  Develop a plan for your community to evaluate the risk of flooding. How would you go about determining an acceptable risk?
6.  Do you agree or disagree that land use change in population increase are increasing the risk from natural processes? Develop a hypothesis and discuss how it might be tested
1.  What is the main lesson from the recent earthquakes in Italy and Haiti? How important is the wealth of a country to reducing the earthquake hazard?
2.  From your point of view, what can an individual citizen do to minimize the earthquake impact risks?
3.  What would be your approach to present info on earthquake hazard to people who knew very little about earthquake?
4.  Propose geologic scenarios that may change the global earthquake distribution patterns.
5.  You live in an area that has a significant earthquake hazard. There is ongoing debate as to whether an earthquake warning system should be developed. Some people are worried that false alarms will cause a lot of problems, and others point out that the response time may not be very long.
a.  What are your views? Do you think it is a responsibility of public officials to finance an earthquake warning system, assuming such systems are feasible?
b.  What are potential implications if a warning system is not developed, and a large earthquake results in damage that could have been partially avoided with a warning system in place?
6.  Look up your birthday in “Today in Earthquake History” (https://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/today/) and see what you find! Investigate the tectonic setting of any significant earthquake listed.