Research Paper Guidelines The research paper is a longer research essay focusing on one concept, theory, event, or actor in the European Security. This paper should be between ten and twelve pages and have at least fifteen sources. This length does not include a title page, footnotes, or the works cited page. Four citations must come from the following journals: American Political Science Review, Foreign Affairs, Journal of Politics, Peace Studies, Journal of Conflict Resolution, World Politics, International Security, International Organization, Journal of the Political Economy, European Journal of International Relations, Journal of Common Market Studies, European Journal of Political Research, European Security, Journal of European Public Policy, Hague Journal of Diplomacy, or European Foreign Affairs Review. The Troy Library has subscriptions to most of these journals, if you need an article from one that there is no online subscription for please use interlibrary loan which should be able to get you access to the article for free. Normally, you can receive articles in one or two days, but sometimes it takes longer. Please use the resources provided through the library so that you never have to pay for an article. If you are having difficulty finding an appropriate article, contact me for suggestions. All the requirements specified in the Paper Guidelines section apply to this paper. The research paper is due at noon on Saturday of Week Seven at noon. No late papers are accepted. The paper needs to be uploaded into before the deadline. The Research Paper should be double-spaced, include page numbers, and include a bibliography. All citations need to be noted in the text and the paper must use the APSA citation format. Students are responsible to know what constitutes plagiarism and ignorance is not an excuse. One simple rule to follow is that when in doubt, always cite. It is better to error on the side of too many citations than to risk plagiarism. All sentences should be complete and grammatically correct. Ideas should be clearly expressed and papers will be graded based upon the clarity of ideas expressed. Papers should have an introduction with a thesis statement, a body, and a conclusion. It should integrate ideas and information from multiple sources in a clear and coherent format. No online encyclopedias may be used as a source. If you are having difficulty finding appropriate articles, contact me for suggestions. Here are some useful guidelines: Do not focus on current events because the cause and the outcome need to be known with certainty. If you are interested in recent news, try to find a similar event in the past and use this as your subject. Do not write about the future (it is unknown). Make sure to include the required sources in your literature review. Keep your project simple. You should not aim to change the entire international relations discipline with your paper. Also, a simple paper is something that you can easily complete within the assigned timeframe. Students should have their topics approved by the instructor via email at least one month before the submission deadline. George Orwell provides useful suggestions for political science students in his 1946 essay, “Politics and the English Language.” He provides six rules for political writing: (i) never use a commonly heard metaphor, simile, or other figure of speech; (ii) do not use long words where short words work; (iii) cut out a word whenever possible; (iv) do not use passive voice when you can use the active; (v) do not use a foreign or scientific phrase if there is an English equivalent you can use; (vi) break these rules to keep from saying something ‘barbarous.’ His advice is to write simple, clear sentences that state your argument or present supporting evidence. Do not overcomplicate your text; present ideas with as much clarity as possible.