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The “Monday Musings” court group meets each Monday at the Rutgers Moot Trial Cou

The “Monday Musings” court group meets each Monday at the Rutgers Moot Trial Court.
The participants fluctuate from week to week, but Daniel, William, Phyllis, Sharon, and you comprise the nucleus of the group. Each week one of 
the group takes the lead in the discussion, presenting the fruits of their study and leading the ensuing discussion. This week, Daniel is leading the discussion on rape law.  Daniel, warming to the passage, makes his pitch that rape law is a waste of time, just send the 
offenders to a penal colony as per this article: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-10375133/Repeat-child-rapists-sent-penal-colonies-ARCTIC-life-proposals-Russia.html
Phyllis highlights that the question of the week was: “There have been significant changes in rape law involving issues such as 
corroboration and shield laws. What other measures would you take to protect victims of rape when they have to testify in court?”
Thus, Daniel didn’t answer the question.  Daniel replied, the victim’s voice would be heard by sending the offender to a penal colony. Sharon replied, the victim needs to be heard in court.  The conversation turns to you, how would you respond? Be sure to include a theoretical framework.
Siegel, Larry J.. Criminology: The Core (Page 356). Cengage Learning. Kindle Edition. 
Post-First: This course utilizes the Post-First feature in all Discussions. This means you will only be able to read and interact with your classmates’ threads after you have submitted your thread in response to the provided prompt.

****DISCUSS THIS MIN 250 WORDS**** “It is said that if you know your enemies and

****DISCUSS THIS MIN 250 WORDS****
“It is said that if you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled in a hundred battles; if you do not know your enemies but do know yourself, you will win one and lose one; if you do not know your enemies nor yourself, you will be imperiled in every single battle”. Sun Tzu, The Art of War
In order to combat terrorism, one needs to understand the problem set. Review the video and the readings in your week one content.
We need to understand the origins and motivations of terrorism before we can tackle the problem in a meaningful way. Consider what is said and provide an analysis of some of the driving factors behind Islamic terrorism. 
****REPLIES*** REPLY TO BOTH POST MIN 100 WORDS EACH
1.  This weeks discussion talks about knowing ones enemy and more specifically knowing and understanding the driving factors behind Islamic Terrorism. Looking from the outside in, Islamic Terrorism is a group of people within the religion of Islam who hold extremist views and are radicalized to become martyrs or fighters to commit violent acts against the perceived enemies of Islam. These enemies are often the Western first world countries and the Jewish communities in Israel who the Islamic Terrorists see as the puppeteers behind their adversaries. From the inside however, we are offered a different viewpoint, one that shows that Islamic Terrorism isn’t just a group of extremists within the religion, its something that’s ingrained into every aspect of their culture (Mizrahi, 2006). The fundamentals of Radical Islam are something that allegedly every Muslim is taught and it pervades their everyday lives. Muslims are taught to hate the Christians and Jews from effectively birth and this is not a facet of Islamic culture in only Iraq or Afghanistan where US soldiers are located, its in every Muslim country. Even in the US we see this sort of radicalization and the spread of the internet has only accelerated the amount of extremist views being shared. Jihad is seen as a duty within the Islamic culture and the calls of men who are seen as champions of the Muslim world like Osama bin Laden are widely heard and respected. Combined with generations of hatred being bred into the minds of the followers of Islam and the constant education that the West is to be seen as the “invader” makes radicalizing these jihadist’s extremely easy for terrorist organizations. What the West has to realize that Israel already has, is that we’re not fighting a group of radicalized extremists, but rather we’re combatting a culture that has, since its inception, been militantly against foreign persons and anyone that does not share their faith.
2.  Islamic terrorism is defined as any terroristic act or campaign which is committed by individuals or terrorist organization who openly proclaims Islamic motivations behind their acts. How does a religion become the driving factor to commit such heinous acts? In the article “The Development of a Jihadist’s Mind” Tawfik Hamid talks about how ideas of radicalization began while he was in grade school. While being young and impressionable he explains that the kids would pick on the Christians because they ate pork therefore damming them to hell. This shows the hatred towards any other religion that is not theirs. A common theme throughout the article is the interpretation of the Karan and how they wanted to satisfy Allah by punishing all non Islams. These ideas push Islamic extremists to perform acts to secure themselves a spot in heaven and live out the afterlife in paradise. They fear that any impure act will bring the wraith of Allah against them.  Another factor that behind Islamic terrorism is the sense of belonging. Tawfik talks about how the Islamic group Jamaah Islamiyah took over his school and everyone was joining. Belonging to a group is a way to get liked and to make friends. This group brought young impressionistic males into their ranks. Once they have their hooks into them, they start feeding the followers with ideas only the group will follow. When looking into this idea, I found another article that lists the motive of one of the Boston Marathon Bombing suspects. In “The Brothers” the lawyer for Johar Tsarnaev states that “Tamerlan traveled to Dagestan after a failed boxing career. Being poor and having no sense of belonging he found a group of men who are full of sense and their own importance.” Someone who felt like a nobody can claim greatness and earn a place in history by committing an act of terrorism.

For EACH of the terms – find a criminal case, a book of nonfiction or fiction, a

For EACH of the terms – find a criminal case, a book of nonfiction or fiction, a short story, a news article, or a movie from the past 10 years, that best illustrates the term and how it is to be applied. YOU MAY NOT USE examples from the textbook.
For each term: 
1. identify the term and the elements in the offense, what elements are added or different for each successive more serious offense; make sure you also are aware of any requirements of definitions such as what is physical injury, and if you can, identify if that penal law section has a corroboration requirement to the charge, and is it met
2. identify the news article, criminal case, book, or movie that illustrates the term, and provide clear enough citations for the article, criminal case, book, short story, or movie that can be found.
3. specifically explain the facts of the case/story and identify how the story meets each element of the offense.
4. remember – some crimes have alternate theories – like the crime of robbery causing physical injury, displaying a weapon, or aided by another actually present, sex crimes have different theories too. You may use the same story to explain multiple theories PROVIDED you can clearly explain how the story you are offering for the example meets the specific subsection.
5. With respect to the crimes having multiple different theories you only need to do a maximum of 3 in particular sections – so for example rape in the 3rd degree has many subsections – just pick some of them; 
6. USE THE PENAL LAW STATUTES ONLINE, and you may also want to look at the New York State Pattern Criminal Jury Instructions – which the judges use to break down the elements of offenses when explaining charges to the jury.

I have attached all of my pervious papers that needs to make this current paper.

I have attached all of my pervious papers that needs to make this current paper. 
So far in this course, you have developed all of the parts (I will attach al of the papers)  of your Final Project and have analyzed the key points for each element for your Executive Summary. 
Assignment:
your completed Final Project by reviewing and editing your Assignments to create a cohesive paper. Add an Introduction and Rationale for the study. Your Final Project should be 4–6 pages in length.
Note: This is not a “cut and paste exercise.” During the term, you have developed all of the groundwork for your Final Project, but now you must create a cohesive document. For example, although stakeholders may be mentioned, it would not be necessary—and could be unwise—to include all of the detail that may have been considered in the design phase. As another example, simply pasting in the logic model with no explanation would not prove enlightening for any reader who is unfamiliar with the logic model process.
Below, you will find an outline of topics that should be addressed in your Final Project. You are not required to exactly follow this outline; however, you must be certain that each component is clearly addressed in your final design.
Although your project for this course is only a design document and not a full report, you will find it useful to review your Learning Resources. Many of the same points and principles apply equally well at the research design stage.
Your Final Project will include the following elements:
Problem definition and intervention description
Logic model or logframe
Development of indicators
Data collection strategy
Evaluation design, needs assessment, or formative or summative impact evaluation
Data analysis strategy
Stakeholder requirements

500 words each minimum and 2 references each. 1. Evaluate the role psychological

500 words each minimum and 2 references each.
1. Evaluate the role psychological and sociological factors play in explaining substance abuse. Which do you feel is more important and why? Support your work with evidence from research.
2. In your view, which behavior is more deviant and which will likely cause the most harm? Smoking pot every day or consuming alcohol each day? Support your work. 

500 a piece minimum each….2 references each. 1. Evaluate the role psychologica

500 a piece minimum each….2 references each.
1. Evaluate the role psychological and sociological factors play in explaining substance abuse. Which do you feel is more important and why? Support your work with evidence from research.
2. In your view, which behavior is more deviant and which will likely cause the most harm? Smoking pot every day or consuming alcohol each day? Support your work. 

Review the five characteristics of minority groups from your textbook.  Based on

Review the five characteristics of minority groups from your textbook.  Based on those characteristics, research, identify and discuss at least three racial, ethnic, cultural, or religious minority groups in the US.  Why are these three groups considered minority groups? 
Remember to review the Discussion Board Grading Rubric to ensure your work meets the minimum posting requirements. 

Compare and contrast, in detail, at least two types of pluralism.  Do you think

Compare and contrast, in detail, at least two types of pluralism.  Do you think the United States is becoming more pluralistic? Why or why not?  How do ethnic enclaves relate to pluralism in the US?  Please share an experience of visiting an ethnic enclave or grocery store with the class.  If you don’t have access to an ethnic enclave or grocery store, share your thoughts about why you think that’s the case?  
Remember to review the Discussion Board Grading Rubric to ensure your work meets the minimum posting requirements. r