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Please respond to the question provided by the Professor below. His question is

Please respond to the question provided by the Professor below. His question is responding to order id# 066002079
Your response is to be supported with at least one scholarly source (other than the assigned course text) as well as the course text. The response should demonstrate the application of theory, law, policy, practice, and/or scholarly literature. Please check for the correct use of APA formatting, in-text citations and grammatical errors
Professor’s Question:
Many people forget that when it
comes to policing, police departments are like any other organization with bosses and employees. Patrol officers are usually at the bottom of the hierarchy even though they have a great amount of discretion and authority with the public out on the street. How important do you think it is for police departments to focus on
keeping their employees (officers) happy? What do you think happens in a department where the officers are generally unhappy?

The following essay below was written by a student responding to this discussion

The following essay below was written by a student responding to this discussion question:
Discussion Question:
What aspects of classical and behavioral management theories have contributed the most to today’s police organizations? What particular aspects should be discarded? Provide an example of why police managers must be aware of both systems and contingency theory and how these theories may help them to develop appropriate operating policies for their organization.
Your response is to be supported with at least one scholarly source (other than the assigned course text) as well as the course text. The response should demonstrate the application of theory, law, policy, practice, and/or scholarly literature. In addition, you must pose a question to the student with your reply. Please check for the correct use of APA formatting, in-text citations and grammatical errors
Students Response:
This weeks discussion post reviews the aspects of
classical and behavioral management theories that have contributed to todays police organizations, as well as
what certain aspects should be
discarded. To be able to apply each theory it is important to know and understad both of them first. To start with the classical theory which is
based on the thought that workers only have physical and economic needs. According to Villanova University (2021), “Unlike more modern workplace management theories, it does not take into account
social needs or job satisfaction.
Instead, classical management theory advocates aspecialization of labor,centralized leadership and decision.making, and profit maximization”(par. 1). Two aspects that stand out within classical theory are the centralized leadership and decision-making. The centralized leadership plays a major role within law enforcement as it allows one leader to be in charge of groups and pass
messages or orders down the line.This assists in avoiding conflicting thoughts about what should be done;furthermore, this intertwines with the
decision-making aspect as there are not multiple people conflitcing about making different decisions and
leaving room for disagreeing and arguments. Within the classical management theory there are three main concepts. These concepts are hierarchical structure, specialization and incentives. The hierarchical
structure allows for different levels of management from the top, middle,and lower levels within the chain of command. In law enforcement these would rank from highest to lowest:
Chiefs of Police, Lieutenants or
Captains, Sergeants, Detectives, and then Officers. Having a hierarchical structure allows for a solid chain of command and understanding the roles one plays within the criminal justice system. The next concept is specialization, this involves employees understanding their roles in certain areas and generally specializing in that area. For example,homicide detectives will specialize in
homicide cases and generally work those rather then a detective who specializes in white collar crime. The last concept involves incentives. The
classical theory belives that employees will be strongly motivated by financial rewards. Classical theory states that employees will tend to work harder and be more on task
when they are aware that they can be awarded incentives for the work they have done. Within law enforcement this concept can be a positive and a negative. Of course the positive would be officers remaing more on task and being diligent with their work, but a con may be if an officer has a set quota to meet for traffic stops for an incentive, then the officer may attempt to reach that number by making faulty traffic stops which can
then lead to larger issues. The next theory is behavioral management theory. The behavioral management
theory will focus on human relations within the work environment due to the human dimension of work where
it can often be called the human
relations movement (Lumen, 2019). A big part of behavioral theory involves working in big part of group power. A
big plus with this aspect is allowing others to also feel empowered and having a voice, but this can also lead to disagreements on certain decisions and depending on the situation there may not be time to argue whos point or idea is better. It is important for
police managers to be able to
understand each system as they can implement some positive techniques from each system into their own. Additionally,
understanding the theories along with managers understanding their group members can lead to many
positive results.
Course Text:
(Check Table of Contents)
1-Title: Policing America (9th ed.)
Author: Peak, K., & Sousa, W.  
Publisher: Pearson
Year Published: 2018
ISBN: 97801345256959
(Check Table of Contents)
2-Title: Police & Society (7th ed.)
Author:  Novak, K., Smith, B., Cordner, G., & Roberg, R.  
Publisher: Oxford University Press  
Year Published: 2017
ISBN: 9780190639211

Review the case of Jerry I uploaded the case study. Conduct an internet search

Review the case of Jerry I uploaded the case study.
Conduct an internet search for the Static 99 assessment.
Complete the Static 99 assessment for Jerry
Determine the selected offenders level of risk based on his assessment results.
Write a 550 word paper discussing treatment options for the selected offender.
Include the following
Summarize the case scenario you chose
Summarize the results of Static 99 assessment for the offender in the case scenario Sal
Describe appropriate treatment options based on the sex offender risk level. Explain the primary cognitive behavioral components associated with those treatment options
Describe the recidivism rates for offenders who have committed crimes similar to this offender
Describe the treatments that have helped reduce recidivism.

IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THE PAPAERDETAILS DOCUMENT!!!!!!!! Word Length: 3000 1500

IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THE PAPAERDETAILS DOCUMENT!!!!!!!! Word Length:
3000
1500 words per question
Please answer one question from Set A and one question from set B.
All answers will need to clearly cite academic sources to support points made.
Set A: Theory
1. Explain and critically evaluate Travis Hirschi’s Social Bonding theory. Please make use of secondary criticisms and examples.
2. Explain, compare and contrast right realism and left realism using examples
3. According to Michel Foucault, punishment has changed from the corporeal to the carceral. Explain and analyse using examples.
Set B: Case Studies
1. With reference to at least one case study examined in class, explain how the process of dehumanisation has allowed for the justification of harm?
2. According to research, inequality and discrimination in Northern Ireland were a fundamental factor in the eventual use of political violence. Discuss whether, on the balance of the evidence available, it is possible to agree or disagree with this statement.
3. Explain the theory of the ‘8 steps to genocide’ in referenluvce to one or two examples of genocide.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper on ethics and boundaries. Include the following

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper on ethics and boundaries. Include the following:
Describe the chosen potential ethical issues.
Explain the effect of not maintaining proper boundaries in these situations.
Describe how you would handle these situations based on your own personal ethicluval code and the correctional code of ethics.

DQ: Chapter 4-Equal Protection Under the Law Enumerated rights are textually exp

DQ: Chapter 4-Equal Protection Under the Law
Enumerated rights are textually explicit rights incorporated against the states and almost always evaluated with strict scrutiny. Conversely, unenumerated rights are not explicitly stated in the Constitution or Bill of Rights, but exist via the liberty guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment and are considered either fundamental or non-fundamental, which are evaluated under the rational basis test.
READ: Constitutional Law in Action, found on page 94: Answer only the following 3 questions listed below, that are shown in the case scenario.
1. Should a person’s race, religion, or ethnicity ever be used as a basis for law enforcement action? Why or why not?
2. Would your answer change based on the severity of the crime being investigated?
3. Does the level of law enforcement action at the issue change your response?
Answer the questions with a minimum 250-word response.

Jimerson, Nickerson, Mayer, & Furlong, (2012), Section 1, Ch. 3 of text. Develop

Jimerson, Nickerson, Mayer, & Furlong, (2012), Section 1, Ch. 3 of text. Developing safe, supportive, and effective schools: Facilitating student success to reduce school violence, p. 27-44.
Next, review Table 3.2 Implications for Practice: Comprehensive Plans to Promote Student Safety, Support, and Achievement. Select one of the 12 implications to apply the practice to youth development and the importance of this practiluvce to keep schools safe.

In your own words, answer this unit’s discussion questions in a main post (recom

In your own words, answer this unit’s discussion questions in a main post (recommended minimum 300 words), and respond to at least two peers’ postings (recommended minimum 75 words).
After you have reviewed the Assignment Details below, click the Discussion Board link under the My Work heading above to open the Discussion Board and make your post.
Assignment Details
First, summarize the definition of a gang used by the U.S. Department of Justice, and then invent a fictional character and explain at least 3 specific elements, known or unknown to him or her, that influenced his or her decision to join a gang. Consider their parental influences, community, home environment, school performance, and so on. Once these elements have been explained, address at lealuvst 1 myth related to gang activity.

1)- 250 words: In Chapter 2 you learned about the protections found in the const

1)- 250 words: In Chapter 2 you learned about the protections found in the constitution and how they are applied in Criminal procedure. Taking what you learned from reading the chapter and the required resources please take some time to research the cases mentioned below answer the following:
The tension between crime control and individual liberty extends throughout Western and U.S. history. Are you willing to give up some of your individual liberty on order to control crime? For example, allowing the police increased authority to search someone on order to catch more criminals. Yes or no, why or why not?
Samaha, J. (2017). Criminal Procedure (10th Edition). Cengage Learning US. https://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781337514903

the section below consists of smaller questions must be 250 words–
1. Please find a news article/story about a recent criminal act (within the past year) that was committed by a female and provide a summary of the case.
2. According to the eText have female arrests increased? Why?
3. What are some of the crimes females are typically arrested for?
4. Please use one of the gender differences explanations/theories in chapter 2 to discuss why the female you discussed in #1 committed the crime.
Resources for second part :
https://bjs.ojp.gov/data-collection/ncvs
https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/ucr/
Siegel, L. J. (2018). Criminology: The Core (7th Edition). Cengage Learning US. https://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781337670531

No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper. Resources should

No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper.
Resources should be summarized or paraphrased with appropriate in-text and Resource page citations.
A little background: One of the most important aspects of finding out more about crime and “why people do what they do” is to understand what Criminologists have already determined. Research raises our awareness of the things that we should pay close attention to. It creates a photo of what has happened, what may happen and what we can do to prevent things from happening (from a policy perspective).
Criminologists, and other scholars, tell us these things by publishing their research findings in academic peer reviewed journals. The idea is to know what research exists and to find gaps in the content areas that are in need of further research in an effort to conduct research to help create yet an even more comprehensive picture of a crime, criminal behavior, policy, and to suggest a policy!
For this assignment, you will start the process of research and identifying a gap in the literature (i.e. an area in need of further research)! Your goal is to synthesize information that exists about a topic and then identify a research question that would help a Criminologist to explore the topic further. You will carry this topic throughout this course- so be sure to pick a topic that interests you!
You are to do the following for this assignment:
Pick a broad topic area about crime that interests you (for example, homicide)
Pick a demographic variable that you think may affect that topic (for example, where one lives)
Identify 2 variables (one independent (IV) and one dependent variable (DV)). One of the variables will be the demographic variable that you chose in the question above. For example, in the example above, Homicide would be my dependent variable and where one lives would be my independent variable. You can think of a “cause and effect” relationship to determine which is your independent and which is your dependent variable.
Now create a research question. Research questions are frequently used in Criminology. This is because we often cannot “prove” anything, but we can suggest relationships. Research questions assess the possible relationship between variables. They are often in the format of: “To what extent, if any, is X related to Y.” Of course, the wording may be a little different, but hopefully you get the idea!
Log into the UMGC library and pick a data base (such as Sage) to start researching what research exists about your topic and the other variable you have chosen. You are to use academic peer reviewed articles only.
Choose 3 peer reviewed academic articles for each of each variables (you will have six articles total- 3 for your IV and 3 for your DV). Write an annotated bibliography for each of your articles. Pay special attention to the similarities and differences in regards to what they are saying about your topic. Provide a brief summary of the article, and spend at least a paragraph discussing the similarities and differences between the topical articles.
Format Requirements
Paper must be double spaced, 11 or 12 pt font and 1”margins all around.
All APA 7th edition format requirements must be followed (cover page, in text citations, reference page). Refer to APA/UMGC – learning resources found in the content page of this course.
You must have resources to support your thoughts/opinions/information. These must be cited both in text as well as at the end of the document. Your paper should not contain direct quotes, sourced material must be paraphrased.