My research paper focus is Plasmodium Falciparum in Nigeria Title: Paper has tit

My research paper focus is Plasmodium Falciparum in Nigeria
Paper has title, author’s name and course. Title
describes content concisely, adequately &
Writing about diseases or infectious agents is part of the work carried out by microbiologists. All research involving
infectious agents or the diseases that they cause must be covered according to the following headings:
 General description of the agent or the disease. If you are writing about the bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus,
you will describe it as a Gram positive, coagulase positive cocci that appear in clusters and are golden yellow on
Nutrient agar, etc. On the other hand, if you are writing about the disease gonorrhoea, you will describe it as a
sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It produces inflammation and
infection of the lining of the genital tract, throat, and rectum, etc. The goal is to describe the agent or the disease
in a way that those familiar with it can easily recognize it.
 Significance: In this section, you need to discuss why this organism or disease is important and what makes it
important. A disease or infectious agent may be important because it kills a lot of people, or affects a lot of people,
or produces a lot of complications or costs a lot of money to treat or is difficult to diagnose, etc. When you discuss
this area, you need to use data effectively in order to show that this disease or infectious agent is worthy of the
 General Symptoms: In this section you will need to inform your reader how they can recognize this illness or
infection caused by the agent. For example, how long does it take from the first contact with the agent to the time
the symptoms manifest and what are those symptoms? Are symptoms different in males and females, adults and
 Pathogenesis: In this section, you will need to inform your reader about what is known about the mechanism of
disease causation. Every infectious agent causes disease because it has something that enables it to overpower
or evade the immune system. For example, the three major causative agents of bacterial meningitis –
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and Haemophilus influenzae are all capsulated. The capsules
enable them to evade phagocytosis.
 Laboratory Diagnosis: In this section you are required to discuss the types of specimens required for diagnosis,
how they should be collected, when they should be collected and what type of tests are required. You will also
discuss the results that will confirm diagnosis.
 Treatment: This usually involves the use of chemical agents to get rid of the infectious agent or disease symptoms.
Duration of treatment should also be discussed.
 Prevention: This entails discussing the usual personal strategies to avoid infection or the disease. This section
may involve hygiene or avoiding infected persons, etc. It also involves the use of prophylactic agents like vaccines
or chemicals.
 Literature Cited/References
This section lists all articles or books cited in your report. Different journals require different formats for citing
literature. For scientific writings, we use the Harvard and Vancouver styles of referencing. The following are
examples of the Vancouver style of referencing, where the articles are number-cited as they appear.