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Brief descriptions of data: data source (first hand or second hand; where did yo

Brief descriptions of data: data source (first hand or second hand; where did you get it, if second hand), year of collection, unit of analysis, sample size, et
Then you should present your test results in a table and interpret them in the text, followed by a conclusion on whether the analysis supports or rejects your null hypothesis. Please also explain whether the conclusion is in line with your expectations, what the theory predicts or what the literature has found. If it is not, please provide some plausible explanations.

Memo 3: You will write a 2-page memo on the topic of outcomes/effectiveness to t

Memo 3: You will write a 2-page memo on the topic of outcomes/effectiveness to the RAMAN (Randolph Area Mutual Aid Network) Committee. Your memo must contain a recommendation.
Attached will be all of the necessary readings for this assignment with also 2 samples of memos written to RAMAN in addition 2 presentations that I know can help. Please use the readings.

Analyze and expand on both questions through an analytical assessment of the lit

Analyze and expand on both questions through an analytical assessment of the literature attatched.
Each answer should be minimum of 5-6 pages
Double Spaced, One inch margins
Size 12 Font
Citation: Use In text citation as well as a citation page in Chicago format Example of in text citation: (Sabatier 2000,1999, 15-17) when using a direct quote.
1- Question One:
Discuss the literature on policy implementation and emphasize the existing approaches to study policy/program implementation, their weaknesses and strengthens. Moreover, consider how the concepts of outputs and outcomes are relevant to the implementation literature. Are there advantages in focusing on one concept versus the other? How does policy design relate to policy implementation? Then select an area of pubhc policy ( education, transportation, health, welfare, finance, etc.), and within this policy area focus on a particular policy/program. For example, if you choose education policy, then you can select No Child Left Behind as the program to be assessed. Then assess the implementation of this particular program/policy by applying both the top-down and bottom-up approaches. In doing so, be specific by providing details and make sure you present the distinction between the program outputs and outcomes. Finally, based on the nature of the program, which approach (top-down or bottom-up) do you think would be more appropriate to assess the implementation of the program/ policy you selected?
2- Question Two:
Although institutions tend to change more slowly and less often than other factors, there are many reasons to believe that institutions affect public policy. However, there are different interpretations on the way institutions influence public policy. Based on the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework, provide an essay in which you explain how institutions affect policy making. Make sure to define institutions and explain under which conditions self-governing institutions are valid options for addressing common pool problems.

This is the job description I am applying and I would like to include contexts a

This is the job description I am applying and I would like to include contexts as much as possible.
review & analyst application packets, forms, and documentation.
Reviewing for completeness, accuracy, consistency, and compliance with State and Federal Laws, regulations, and Department requirements
Researching and utilizing databases
Ensuring compliance with State and Federal statues
Preparing correspondences (emails, letters, memos, etc.)
Preparing technical and analytical reports
Reviewing public policy issues
Consulting with legal services, associations, advocates and program staff.

Your final paper is an individually written comprehensive assessment of a real n

Your final paper is an individually written comprehensive assessment of a real nonprofit
organization. This paper is worth 30% of your final grade. The percentages at the end of each
segment denote the weighted percentage for that portion of the paper. Proper spelling, grammar
and APA formatting and citations must be used when and where appropriate. You can be
penalized up to ten percent of your grade for significant spelling, grammar, and formatting
errors.
The specific organizational case may be chosen from an organization featured in the readings
from your own past work experience, or drawn from a secondary source. Research should
include a variety of secondary (and /or primary) data sources including newspaper and magazine
articles, the web, annual reports, interviews, etc. All data must be properly cited. You must
interview at least one person from the organization (ideally more) and cite at least two academic
journal articles, see list of nonprofit journals below.
This paper is expected to be between 8-12 pages in order to appropriately cover all of the
necessary content. You must include a title page and appropriate supporting documentation in
the appendix, neither of which is included in your page count.

Analyze the proposed annual budget (operating budget and CIP) for the city of Al

Analyze the proposed annual budget (operating budget and CIP) for the city of Alexandria, VA.
– If the writing is not Master’s level the order will be cancelled
Please use the format below:
An introduction to the Alexandria, VA city government.
A review of its budget process
A description of its operating and capital budgets
An overview of its expenses
An overview of its revenues
Recommendations on ways to improve upon the budget/process being examined
Please utilize the attached book, “A budgeting Guide for Local Government” as one of the citations and include quotes.
This is the website where all the applicable information can be found: https://www.alexandriava.gov/Budget
Attached are copies of the Operating Budget and Capital Improvement Plan (CIP). Please cite both of these documents in the paper.
The paper will be at least 10 pages of content [excluding title page, reference page, and attachments, if relevant.]. Double-space and 12pt font. Please include the Reference page in APA format, a plagiarism report, and at least 6 citation sources.

Analyzing U.S. Debt The U.S. government has a variety of economic goals that it

Analyzing U.S. Debt
The U.S. government has a variety of economic goals that it attempts to promote, and one of those goals is controlling debt and deficits, a goal that has gained much more importance recently and one which has garnered much more public awareness. The United States has had a long history of debts and deficits, and there are a variety of sources that track this debt.
Exercise 1
Go to the U.S. National Debt Clock website at https://www.usdebtclock.org/ (Links to an external site.) and explore the data presented on the opening web page.
What is the current federal debt at the time you viewed the clock?
What is the federal debt per taxpayer?
What is the U.S. trade deficit with China?
Next, go to the website of U.S. federal debt timeline at https://www.debt.org/faqs/united-states-federal-debt-timeline/ (Links to an external site.)
What is the average debt in trillions of dollars for the presidencies beginning with President Reagan and ending with President Trump?
Write a summary about what you think this data means to the U.S.’s ability to sustain its historical spending habits.
Exercise 1a
Recently, the huge amount of federal debt, influenced in large part by federal stimulus funding program such as the CARES Act and the American Rescue Plan Act (covered later in the course), and a long history of debt even without the effects of a pandemic, has brought federal debt to the forefront of political concerns of most Americans. Let’s explore what you think about federal debt.
Is having such a large federal debt really a bad thing?
If the U.S. has been in debt since the end of the Civil War, why do you think it has become such an important issue now?
If you think the debt is worrisome, what do you think should be done about it? Propose at least two solutions.
Budget Deficit Simulation
Because the concern over budget deficits has grown so much lately, it is relevant to introduce students to the idea of deficits and offer opportunities to make choices that might reduce or eliminate deficits and perhaps one day achieve a balanced budget.
Exercise 2
Go to the Federal Budget Challenge web site provided by The Concord Coalition at https://www.federalbudgetchallenge.org/pages/overview
Click Start Now. You’ll be ask some information in order to get into the challenge. Make it up if you’d like. You don’t have to use your actual info.
For each of the spending and revenue categories that appear, read the brief narratives presented (pros and cons) and then check various boxes that reflect your preferences. Click Next to continue moving through the exercise.
After Skipping categories or clicking Next to advance through the categories, you will be presented with a summary page of your decisions. At the top, print the summary page and submit it as the completion of Exercise 2.
Guidelines
Develop a short paper of at least 350 words to address all of the exercises shown in the assignment. Include appropriate section headings (i.e. Exercise 1, Exercise 2, etc.). Double-spaced, 12 pt font, 1” margins, no cover page, no reference page, name in header.
Include proper grammar, be free of spelling errors, and where appropriate reflects critical thinking.

Taking into account all of the lectures and content we’ve covered, I’d like you

Taking into account all of the lectures and content we’ve covered, I’d like you to do the following:
1). Identify a lesson, concept or policy that stands out as something you’ll remember in the readings.
2). Articulate why you will remember it (Was it the way it was presented? The application to you? Personal experience with it?)
3). Discuss what lesson, concept or policy (whether the one you identified or another one) will have professional application to your world and why.
– The whole point isn’t to memorize but rather to apply content at this point!
-No sources needed

This week I’d like you to think about public organizations in a way that is rela

This week I’d like you to think about public organizations in a way that is relatively new to public administration: How they are marketed / branded (if at all).
Answer the following questions:
1). To what degree do you think that public organizations should be marketed / branded (if at all)? Why or why not?
2). Why do you think public organizations (NOT politicians) would want to engage in the activity?
3). If you think they should, should it be done exclusively in house or should the activities be outsourced?
4). What percentage of taxes or dollar amount should be spent on this activity?
5). Do you think public perceptions of public organizations truly matter to a community?
-You can use outside sources or the material provided
-No citation needed

Assignment #1 What Concerns You About the Direction of Our Country? Please provi

Assignment #1
What Concerns You About the Direction of Our Country?
Please provide a list of 4 things that concerns you about the direction of our country.
Assignment #2
Should the Mayor and the NYC government have mandated that all city workers get the COVID-19 Vaccine?
Please provide your thoughts on this pressing matter related to the workplace and the authority of government bodies such as the municipal City of New York.
Assignment #3
Virtual Classrooms: Recommendations for the Remote Experience
Please provide two recommendations to improve the online experience in this course. as this virtual experience appears to be the “new normal”.